The funerals of Soldiers, more than any other ceremony, have followed an old pattern as the living honor the brave dead.

Funeral services of great magnificence evolved as custom (from what is known about early Christian mourning) in the 6th century. To this day, no religious ceremonies are conducted with more pomp than those intended to commemorate the departed.
a. The first general mourning proclaimed in America was on the death of Benjamin *Franklin in 1791. The second was the death of George Washington in 1799. The deep and widespread grief occasioned by the death of the first President assembled a great number of people for the purpose of paying him a last tribute of respect. On Wednesday, 18 December 1799, attended by military honors and the simplest but grandest ceremonies of religion, his body was deposited in the family vault at Mount Vernon, Virginia.
b. Several military traditions employed today have been brought forward from the past.
(1)  Reversed arms, displayed by one opponent on the battlefield, signaled that a truce was requested so that the dead and wounded could be carried off and the dead buried.
(2)  Today’s customary three volleys fired over a grave probably originated as far back as the Roman Empire. The Roman funeral rites of casting dirt three times on the coffin constituted the “burial.” It was customary among the Romans to call the dead three times by name, which ended the funeral ceremony, after which the friends and relatives of the deceased pronounced the word “vale” (farewell) three times as they departed from the tomb. In more recent history, three musket volleys were fired to announce that the burying of the dead was completed and the burial party was ready for battle again.
(3)  The custom of using a caisson to carry a coffin most likely had its origins in the 1800s when horse-drawn caissons that pulled artillery pieces also doubled as a conveyance to clear fallen Soldiers from the battlefield.
(4)  In the mid to late 1800s a funeral procession of a mounted officer or enlisted man was accompanied by a riderless horse in mourning caparison followed by a hearse. It was also a custom to have the boots of the deceased thrown over the saddle with heels to the front signifying that his march was ended.
Military funerals are divided into two classes: chapel service, followed by movement to the grave or place of local disposition with the prescribed escort; and graveside service only. Burial honors and the composition of funeral escorts are described in Chapter 6, AR 600-25. The types of honors ceremonies that may be performed are described below.
* a. A full military funeral honors normally consist of, or is supported by, a 9-person funeral detail, with the following elements.
• Casualty assistance officer (CAO).
• Officer in charge (OIC) or noncommissioned officer in charge (NCOIC) (appropriate for the rank of the deceased).
• One bugler to play “Taps” (or electronic recording).
• Six active duty pallbearers/firing party (dual function, the pallbearers also serve as the firing party and will render these honors).
• Military clergy (if available and requested).
*  b. If resources permit, a larger funeral detail may be provided, which is composed of all the elements of the nine-person funeral detail, and may also include the following.
• Colors.
• Separate firing party (no more than eight, or less than five riflemen).
• Hearse (caisson).
• Honorary pallbearers.
• Personal colors (if appropriate).
• Escort unit(s) (appropriate for the rank of the deceased).
*  c. A two-man military funeral honors detail consists of the following elements.
• OIC/NCOIC (appropriate for the rank of the deceased).
• Enlisted soldier.
• One bugler to play “Taps” (or electronic recording).

*The Casualty Assistance Center (CAC) provides burial honors, for deceased Army personnel, including active duty and retired personnel as well as eligible reserve components and veterans when requested by the family. Active duty Soldiers will receive burial with full military funeral honors, to be provided by a nine-person funeral detail as described in paragraph 14-2 (a). Retirees are entitled to full military funeral honors, resource permitting, but as a minimum, will receive funeral honors consisting of two uniformed Soldiers to fold the flag and present it to the next of kin, and play “Taps.” Eligible members of the reserve component and veterans will also receive funeral honors from a two-person detail. Medal of Honor recipients are entitled to full military funeral honors, regardless of status. A live bugler is preferred, however, if none is available, “Taps’ may be played on a suitable recording device, but a live bugler is required for all active duty funerals. The family of the deceased (or its representative) may request another clergyman to officiate in lieu of a military chaplain. A civilian clergyman can conduct all religious elements of a military funeral or interment. The desires of the family are given the fullest consideration possible in the selection of elements involved, but the funeral is conducted as prescribed in this manual. For further information, consult AR 600-25, Chapter 6. The responsibilities of the individuals involved in a military funeral are as follows:
a. Casualty Assistance Office. The casualty assistance office provides funeral detail requirements and the CAO’s name and phone number to the funeral detail NCOIC. It also coordinates bugler commitments.
b. Funeral Detail NCOIC. The funeral detail NCOIC—
• Provides the name of the NCOIC and the bugler pick-up time to the casualty assistance office after notification of funeral detail.
• Requests transportation for the funeral detail through the transportation division.
• Coordinates specifics with the funeral home, clergy, and chapel concerned.
• Coordinates the use of a portable CD player for playing “Taps,” if needed.
• Ensures all personnel participating in the funeral detail arrive at the designated place in sufficient time to make final coordination.
c. Transportation Division. The transportation division provides transportation for funeral details, as required.
d. Casualty Assistance Officer. The CAO—
• Coordinates the ceremonial aspects of the funeral.
• Ensures the chaplain receives a flag from the local Post Office or the installation.
• Acts as OIC for the funeral detail and presents the flag to the deceased’s next of kin, when required.
e. Commanding Officer. The commanding officer or his representative, in coordination with the cemetery superintendent and the funeral director, makes the funeral arrangements and supervises the conduct of the funeral.

Personnel involved with military funerals conduct themselves as described herein.
a. When honorary pallbearers are desired, they are selected by the family of the deceased, or its representative, or by the commanding officer if the family wishes. As a rule, no more than twelve honorary pallbearers should be selected.
b. At a military funeral, persons in military uniform attending in their individual capacity face the casket and execute the Hand Salute at the following times: when honors, if any, are sounded; at any time the casket is being moved (the exception being when they themselves are moving); during Cannon Salutes, if sounded; during the firing of volleys; and while “Taps” is being played.
(1) Honorary pallbearers in uniform conform to those instructions when not in motion.
*  (2) Male military personnel in civilian clothes in the above cases, and during the service at the grave, stand at Attention, uncover, and hold the headdress over the left shoulder with the right hand over the heart. If no headdress is worn, the right hand is held over the heart.
(3) Female military personnel in civilian clothes hold the right hand over the heart.
c. During the religious graveside service, all personnel bow their heads at the words “Let us pray.” All mourners at graveside, except the active pallbearers, follow the example of the officiating chaplain. If he uncovers, they uncover; if he remains covered, they remain covered. When the officiating chaplain wears a biretta (clerical headpiece) during the graveside service, all personnel, as indicated above, uncover. When the officiating chaplain wears a yarmulke (Jewish skull cap), all personnel remain covered.
d. The remains of a member of the armed forces who died while on active duty, may be consigned directly to a national cemetery from a military installation. In such cases, the cemetery superintendent will, regardless of time of arrival, if not otherwise provided for, engage a funeral director to receive the remains at the common carrier terminal, hold the remains at his establishment until the date of the funeral, if necessary, and deliver the remains to the cemetery. The superintendent will not authorize a funeral director to render any other service incident to the interment.
* e. The word “chapel” is interpreted to include the church, home, or other place where services are held, other than the service at the grave. The word “casket” is interpreted to include the receptacle containing the cremated remains of the deceased.
Use the following procedures to conduct a funeral in a chapel with full military honors.
* a. At the chapel, the funeral detail forms as shown in Figure 14-1. The NCOIC has all participants at the position of Parade Rest. The NCOIC and the pallbearers will be on line at normal intervals facing the chapel and close to the designated arrival point of the conveyance. The NCOIC positions himself at the end of the pallbearers so that the conveyance passes him first as it approaches. If resources permit and there is a separate firing party, they will form two ranks facing each other and form an aisle from the conveyance to the entrance of the chapel.


b. Members of the immediate family, relatives, friends of the deceased, and the CAO will be seated in the chapel before the conveyance arrives and the casket is taken into the chapel. Members of the immediate family and relatives occupy pews (seats) to the right (front) of the chapel.
* c. As the conveyance comes into view, the NCOIC will command the pallbearers to ATTENTION and render a solo hand salute as the conveyance approaches. Once the conveyance stops in front of the chapel, the NCOIC will automatically Order Arms. If a separate firing party exists the following actions will be taken. The NCOIC commands Escort, ATTENTION; Pallbearers, Center, FACE. On the command Center, FACE, the pallbearers face the designated arrival point of the conveyance (Figure 14-1, page 14-4). As the conveyance approaches, the NCOIC commands Present, ARMS and salutes to honor the National Colors draped over the casket and commands Order, ARMS after the conveyance halts.
d. If necessary, the NCOIC repositions the pallbearers at the rear of the conveyance.
* e. After the funeral director opens the doors of the hearse, the NCOIC and the firing party, if available, Present Arms. The firing party and the NCOIC Present Arms until the casket enters the chapel. The senior pallbearer, designated position 5, and the pallbearer in position 1 grasp the handles at the head of the casket. (The union of the flag is draped over this end.) They walk backwards, pulling the casket from the conveyance, allowing the pallbearers in positions 2 and 3 to grasp handles on the casket. The pallbearers handle the remains in a dignified, reverent, and military manner, ensuring the casket is carried level and feet first at all times (Figure 14-2).


* f. For funerals where there is a separate firing party, once the casket is borne between the firing party members, and taken into the chapel, the NCOIC commands Order, ARMS. The firing party departs under the control of the firing party commander and travels to the gravesite. Once at the gravesite, the firing party makes preparations for the gravesite ceremony. The bugler, if not already at the gravesite, travels with the firing party.
g. Having entered the chapel, the pallbearers carry the casket to the front of the church. If a church truck is available, the casket is placed on the truck at the entrance of the chapel and pushed to the front by the senior pallbearer and one other. The pallbearers then take seats, as directed by the chaplain, until the conclusion of the chapel service.
* h. Displaying the Flag on the Casket. For information on how to display the US Flag on the casket, either closed or half-couch, consult DA Pamphlet 638-2, Appendix E.
i. After the service, the pallbearers either carry the casket or push it on a church truck from the front of the chapel to the exit. The casket is placed directly into the conveyance with the senior and number 1 pallbearers being the last to release their casket handles. The funeral director secures the doors of the conveyance.
* j. The pallbearers board their transportation and travel to the interment site to prepare for the graveside ceremony. The funeral party travels in the following order (Figure 14-3, page 14-7):
• Clergy.
• Conveyance with casket.
• Active pallbearers.
• Personal flag (if appropriate).
• Family and CAO.
• Friends.


k. After the procession is formed, it travels directly to the gravesite. Upon arrival, the CAO positions himself between the chaplain and the head of the gravesite. The pallbearers form and remove the casket from the conveyance the same as previously outlined (Figure 14-4).


* l. Once the casket is removed from the conveyance, the NCOIC commands the firing party (if resources permit a separate firing party) and bugler to Present Arms.
* m. The pallbearers carry the casket, feet first, to the grave. Upon reaching the grave, the casket is placed on the lowering device. The pallbearers then execute the appropriate facing movement and march off in two ranks toward the designated firing party location. While marching, the pallbearers merge into single file in order to form one rank, 45 degrees off the foot of the casket. The firing party commander is positioned on the opposite flank or centered to the rear of the formation (Figure 14-4). At that time, the firing party commander will command the firing party to unstack their weapons, which have been pre-positioned under guard at the gravesite, and then to stand at “Parade Rest” during the gravesite service.
* n. When the casket is placed over the grave, and the pallbearers march from the casket to become the firing party, the NCOIC terminates his salute and moves from his place at the head of the casket in order to permit the chaplain to conduct the graveside service. He should move to a location where he still faces the family, but does not interfere with the service. Once in position, he assumes the position of Parade Rest until the service is completed.
* o. After Parade Rest has been commanded, the chaplain conducts the graveside service. At the conclusion of the benediction, the NCOIC returns to his position at the head of the casket, renders a hand salute, which also cues the firing party commander to commence the firing party sequence, as outlined in paragraph 14-17. The CAO also executes Present Arms. The firing party fires three volleys of blank cartridges, assumes the position of Present Arms at the command of the firing party commander, and remains in this position until the conclusion of “Taps.” The bugler, positioned near the firing party and in view of the next of kin, sounds “Taps” immediately following the firing party assuming Present Arms.
* p. At the conclusion of “Taps,” the firing party comes to Order Arms at the command of the firing party commander, and restacks their weapons in a ceremonial manner. After the stacking of weapons is completed, the firing party forms into two ranks and marches in the most direct route back to the lowering device platform so they can perform the ceremonial folding of the interment flag (Figure 14-4). The CAO terminates his Salute.
* q. The pallbearers raise the flag from the casket and hold it in a horizontal position waist high and complete the folding sequence without letting the flag touch the casket. As the flag is folded, it is passed to the senior pallbearer at the head of the casket, who makes the final tuck. (See Appendix K for detailed information on folding the flag.)
* r. After the flag is folded, the senior pallbearer executes a Right Face and places the flag at chest level into the hands of the CAO. The CAO salutes the flag for three seconds before accepting it from the senior pallbearer. The senior pallbearer salutes the flag for three seconds after presenting it to the CAO. The CAO then moves by the most direct route to the next of kin who is to receive the flag. Upon presentation, the CAO renders appropriate remarks such as, “Sir/Ma’am, this flag is presented on behalf of a grateful nation as an expression of appreciation for the honorable and faithful service rendered by your loved one.” After the flag is presented, the CAO returns to his original position.
* s. After the presentation is completed, the NCOIC marches the pallbearers and the bugler away from the gravesite and toward the stacked weapons. At the first Halt, the rifles of the firing party are then cleared and inspected, which concludes the ceremony.

A two-man honor detail provides graveside honors by the playing of “Taps” and the flag folding and presentation to the appropriate family member. Use the following procedures to conduct a military funeral with a two-man honor detail.
* a. Once the Army CAC is alerted, it arranges for the two-man military honor detail to arrive at the interment site at the appropriate time to provide graveside honors.
* (1) The leader of the detail has many responsibilities to include contacting the funeral director to confirm the date, time, and location of the interment service. The leader ensures that the funeral director has obtained a flag for the ceremony. The detail leader will bring a backup flag to the ceremony in case it is needed.
(2) The leader confirms and coordinates participation of the second member of the detail.
(3) When all coordination is completed, the final preinterment activity is to train and rehearse the detail. A mandatory training item is to carefully watch a video demonstration tape provided by DOD to each installation.
(4) On the day of the interment ceremony, the detail leader confirms arrangements with the funeral director and coordinates necessary cues at the interment site.
* b. The rendition of “Taps” may be by bugler or by electronic device.
* (1) The CAC actively searches for a bugler. (Military or civilian may be used.) Bugler support may be from an Army band (Active or Reserve component), contracted, or voluntary.
(2) If a bugler is not available, the CAC uses the high-quality recording of the U. S. Army band bugler provided by OSD on compact disk. Many national and private cemeteries have sound systems that play “Taps” at the interment site. However, CACs cannot assume availability of such systems and must have a sufficient number of high-quality, portable CD players to provide their own sound system at funerals. (A portable CD player that can be easily heard by all attendees at the interment ceremony is recommended.) Before departing for a funeral, the detail leader must determine if a sound system is available or if the CAC must provide a sound system to the honors detail.
c. The detail arrives at the interment site early and conducts a reconnaissance and rehearsal. Part of the reconnaissance is the selection of a location for the bugler or CD player that will sound “Taps.” The detail leader sets up and tests the CD player, ensuring the unit and its remote controls are working properly and that it is out of sight of the family.
(1) When everything is prepared, the detail leader positions the detail in their designated place before the arrival of the funeral cortege. The detail leader positions himself near the recording device; the other members(s) will be positioned near the foot of the grave.
(2) The leader brings the team to Attention and Present Arms as the remains are carried to the gravesite by civilian pallbearers. He commands Order, ARMS when the casket is placed on the lowering device.
(3) At the conclusion of the committal service, the detail leader sounds “Taps” electronically or directs the bugler to sound “Taps.” Installations must ensure that honor detail training directs that the recording device be positioned out of sight of the family and be played in a dignified manner as shown in the training video from DOD.
(4) Although the CD player should be out of sight, activating the “play” button should be performed with precision and distinction by bending over, activating the recorder, and then stepping back one step and assuming the Position of Attention.
(5) Each detail member will Present Arms during “Taps” and will execute Order Arms at its completion. At the conclusion of “Taps,” the detail leader ensures the recording device is turned off and then proceeds in a dignified and military manner to the head of the casket.
* d. For flag folding, upon conclusion of “Taps,” the representative and his assistant move closer to the casket. When the flag is secured and raised, the detail takes three steps away from the mourners and folds the flag. (See Appendix K for detailed information on folding the flag.) When the flag is properly folded, the detail leader salutes the flag for three seconds. The assistant hands the flag to the detail leader, salutes the flag for three seconds, and posts to a position next to the side or rear of the family. After the assistant departs, the detail leader presents the flag to the next of kin using the following wording: “Sir/Ma’am, this flag is presented on behalf of a grateful nation as an expression of appreciation for the honorable and faithful service rendered by your loved one.” After presenting the flag, the detail leader offers condolences.
* e. Not all funerals will be authorized the human resources as outlined in this sequence of events; therefore the CAO and NCOIC will extract those portions of the sequence that apply to their funeral detail contingent.
f. Additions to an element of the funeral detail not specifically addressed in this sequence of events are not authorized. Requests for exceptions to policy will be directed to TRADOC. *NOTE: If a military chaplain is present, he/she presents the flag to the next of kin.

*For a funeral without chapel service, all elements of a military funeral are present and used as previously described. However, if troops are not conveniently available, or if the family wishes to eliminate other elements, the following are used (Figure 14-5):
• *Military clergy (if available and requested).
• Officer in charge or noncommissioned officer in charge, appropriate to the grade of the deceased (AR 600-25).
• Active pallbearers/firing party.
• Separate firing party (if resources permit).
• Bugler.
• Personal Color bearer (if appropriate). These elements are in position at the graveside before the arrival of the remains.


When the remains are cremated and the ashes interred with military honors, the previously stated provisions, with necessary modifications, will govern.
* a. For all phases of the funeral, where the cremated remains are carried by hand, one pallbearer is detailed to carry the receptacle (casket) containing the ashes and another is detailed to carry the flag, folded into the shape of a cocked hat. The pallbearer carrying the flag is always positioned to the right of the remains (Figure 14-6, page 14-13). When the receptacle is carried from the hearse into the chapel and from the chapel to the hearse, these two pallbearers are the only participants in the ceremony. During the procession to the gravesite, the receptacle and flag are carried by the two pallbearers followed by four additional pallbearers. When the receptacle has been placed on the gravesite, all six pallbearers unfold the flag and hold it over the grave. (Honors are the same as a flag- draped casket.)


b. When the receptacle and flag are placed before the chancel of the chapel or transported to gravesite by vehicle, the receptacle and folded flag are placed side by side. If the pallbearers walk to the gravesite, the two bearers who carried the receptacle and the flag join the other four pallbearers already pre-positioned on either side of the hearse.
c. When no hearse is used, suitable transportation is provided for the receptacle and flag bearers, and the other pallbearers.
d. When the remains are moved to a crematory and the ashes are to be interred with military honors at a later time, the ceremony consists only of the escort to the crematory. All personnel salute as the remains are carried into the crematory. The firing of volleys and the sounding of “Taps” are omitted. When the funeral ceremony is held at the crematory, and when no further honors are anticipated, the volleys are fired and “Taps” is sounded at the discretion of the commanding officer.
: In this situation, the flag is carried left hand over right hand with the point forward.

When the remains of a deceased soldier are moved to a railway station or other point for shipment to another place for interment or final disposition, funeral services are modified as necessary. When no further military honors are anticipated at the place of interment or final disposition, the volleys are fired and “Taps” sounded at the discretion of the commanding officer. When military honors are anticipated at the place of final disposition, the volleys and “Taps” are omitted.
When the funeral of a general officer on the active or retired list, who was entitled to a Cannon Salute, takes place at or near a military installation, guns equal to the number to which the officer was entitled (AR 600-25) may be fired at noon on the day of the funeral. The military installation mentioned in general orders will fire the prescribed Salutes. Immediately preceding the benediction, a Cannon Salute corresponding to the grade of the deceased (AR 600-25) is fired at five-second intervals. Following the benediction, three volleys of musketry are fired.
When aviation participates in a military funeral, it is timed so that the aircraft appear over the procession.
The Reserve Component (RC), along with the active Army, are required to participate in funeral details. The Army National Guard (ARNG) and U. S. Army Reserve (USAR) have a single point of contact (POC) in each ARNG state area command (STARC) or USAR Regional Support Command (RSC) to which a request for assistance can be made. When the active Army is unable to support the request, or it is more prudent for the RC unit to provide honors, the CAC contacts the RC POC at either the STARC or RSC for military funeral honors support. If the RC POC does not respond to the request for support within two hours, the CAC should again contact the RC POC. When the RC is unable to support the request for assistance, the CAC is responsible for providing the honors. The casualty and memorial affairs operations center, PERSCOM will provide a list of RC POCs to the CACs. CACs should establish memorandums of agreement with RC POCs and other military organizations within their area of responsibility specifying requirements and responsibilities.
The family or representative of the deceased may request fraternal or patriotic organizations, of which the deceased was a member, to take part in the funeral service. With immediate family approval fraternal or patriotic organizations may conduct graveside service at the conclusion of the military portion of the ceremony, signified by the flag presentation to the next of kin and escort departure from the cemetery.
The chaplain takes his position in front of the chapel before the arrival of the remains. He precedes the casket when it is carried from the hearse into the chapel and from the chapel to the hearse. While the remains are being placed in the hearse, he stands at the rear and to the side facing the hearse. When he is wearing vestments, he may, at his discretion, proceed from the chancel to the sacristy (vestry) at the conclusion of the chapel service and divest, joining the procession before it moves from the chapel. He then precedes the hearse to the graveside and precedes the casket to the grave.
The officer in charge of a military funeral, the commander of the escort, the funeral director, and the superintendent of the cemetery or his representative visit the places involved and make careful arrangements before the time set for the funeral. They determine the positions at the grave for the various elements of the funeral and make arrangements for traffic control.
In the absence of the chaplain, the chaplain’s assistant helps the funeral director in arranging all floral tributes in the chapel. The commanding officer or his representative coordinates the necessary transportation with the funeral director for prompt transfer of floral tributes from the chapel to the gravesite. The vehicle bearing the floral tributes is loaded promptly at the conclusion of the chapel service. It precedes the funeral procession, moving as rapidly as practicable to the site of the grave. The funeral procession does not move from the chapel until the vehicle carrying the floral tributes has cleared the escort. The funeral director or the cemetery representative is responsible for removing cards and making a record that gives a brief description of the floral piece pertaining to each card. After completion of the funeral services, the cards and records are turned over to a member of the family of the deceased.
For ceremonial firing, the firing party consists of not more than eight riflemen and not less than five with one noncommissioned officer in charge (Figure 14-7, page 14-16). The firing party is normally pre-positioned at the gravesite and facing in the direction that allows it to fire directly over the grave. However, care should be taken to ensure that rifles are fired at a 45-degree angle from the horizontal.
a. To load:
(1) Magazines or clips are loaded with three rounds and blank adapters are attached before forming the firing party.
(2) At the conclusion of the religious services or on the escort commander’s command, the noncommissioned officer in charge commands With blank ammunition, LOAD. At the command LOAD, each rifleman executes Port Arms, faces to the half right, and moves his right foot 10 inches to the right to a position that gives him a firm, steady stance. He then chambers a round, places the weapon in the safe position, and resumes Port Arms.
b. To fire by volley:
(1) When the riflemen have completed the movements and the weapons are locked, the commands are Ready, Aim, FIRE. At the command Ready, each rifleman moves the safety to the fire position. On the command Aim, the rifle is shouldered with both hands with the muzzle to the front at an angle of 45 degrees from the horizontal. On the command of execution FIRE, the trigger is squeezed quickly, and the weapon is immediately returned to Port Arms.
(2) To continue the firing with weapons that function automatically (blank adapter), the commands Aim and FIRE are given and executed as previously prescribed. To continue the firing with weapons that must be manually operated to chamber another round (without blank adapters), the commands Ready, Aim, FIRE are again given. On, the command Ready, each rifleman manually chambers the next round. The commands Aim and FIRE are then given and executed as previously prescribed.
* (3) When the third round has been fired and the riflemen have resumed Port Arms, the noncommissioned officer in charge commands CEASE FIRING. The riflemen immediately place the weapon on safe, assume the Position of Attention (at Port Arms), and face to half left. From this position, the firing party is commanded to Present Arms before the playing of “Taps.” After “Taps,” they are commanded to Order Arms. The noncommissioned officer in charge executes a Right (Left) Face and remains at Attention until the flag has been folded and saluted by the officer in charge or noncommissioned officer in charge of the funeral detail. At this time, the firing party noncommissioned officer in charge executes a Right (Left) Face and commands Right (Left), FACE; Port, ARMS; and Forward, MARCH. At the first halt, the rifles of the firing party are cleared and inspected.

FM 3-21.5

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